The hottest structural transformation mode is at t

2022-09-22
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In a few days, we will step into the 12th Five Year Plan, and a new historical period will unfold in front of us. Since the eleventh five year plan, China's industrial scale has been expanding, its competitiveness has been further improved, and the level of informatization has reached a new level. During the 12th Five Year Plan period, China's industry will seize the opportunity of developing strategic emerging industries, accelerate structural adjustment and change the mode of development, and move forward from an industrial power to an industrial power

industry accounts for more than 40% of the national economy

industry is the pillar of the national economy. Li Yizhong, Minister of the Ministry of industry and information technology, said that during the Eleventh Five Year Plan period, new achievements were made in the development of industry and information technology by unswervingly following the path of new industrialization with Chinese characteristics and actively responding to the international financial crisis

in 2009, China's industrial added value reached 13.46 trillion yuan, 1.5 times that of 2005 at comparable prices, accounting for 40.1% of the total national economy. From January to November this year, the added value of industries above designated size increased by 15.8% year-on-year

at present, China is a large industrial country in the world, with the output of more than 200 kinds of industrial products ranking first in the world, the export scale of industrial manufactured products ranking first in the world, and the scale of manufacturing industry ranking second in the world. The scale of telecommunication networks, the number of users and the number of interconnected users are firmly ranked first in the world

while expanding the scale, new progress has been made in the adjustment of industrial structure. In recent years, China has achieved remarkable results in optimizing and upgrading the industrial structure by increasing investment in technological transformation, tightening industrial access, eliminating backward production capacity, and promoting mergers and acquisitions. It is estimated that during the Eleventh Five Year Plan period, the backward production capacity of iron making, steel making, coke, cement and paper making will be eliminated by 111.72 million tons, 66.83 million tons, 105.38 million tons, 340 million tons and 10.3 million tons respectively, accounting for about 50% of the total backward production capacity

Miao Wei, Secretary of the Party group and vice minister of the Ministry of industry and information technology, pointed out that China's industrial development has achieved remarkable results in the past five years, and the industrial added value has maintained an average annual growth rate of more than 13.5%. It is expected that the national industrial added value will exceed 15trillion yuan by the end of this year, and China has become a manufacturing country with global influence. At the same time, China's industrial energy conservation and emission reduction have also achieved remarkable results in the past five years. It is expected that the energy consumption per unit of industrial added value above the scale this year will drop by more than 25% compared with 2005, and the energy savings will exceed 650million tons of standard coal

during the Eleventh Five Year Plan period, with the development of industry and informatization, a number of large industrial provinces and industrial clusters emerged. According to guoshuyu, director of Shandong Provincial Economic and Information Technology Commission, it is estimated that the added value of industries above Designated Size in Shandong Province is 2167.5 billion yuan in 2010, 2.6 times that of 2005; Industries above Designated Size achieved a main business income of 8760 billion yuan, profits and taxes of 920 billion yuan and profits of 580 billion yuan, 2.9 times, 2.7 times and 2.7 times that of 2005 respectively. Since the 11th five year plan, Shandong has developed more than 34000 new technologies and products, of which 27000 have reached the international advanced level and filled the domestic gap

At the same time, the development of industry has also cultivated a large number of internationally competitive backbone enterprises and enterprise groups. Xiongqunli, chairman of China Electronics Information Industry Group Co., Ltd., told that during the Eleventh Five Year Plan period, China Electronics highlighted the development of its main business, deepened the reform of system and mechanism, continued to expand its industrial scale, continuously improved its innovation ability, and further optimized its industrial structure. In 2010, China Electronics' main business income increased significantly on the basis of 2005, which is equivalent to rebuilding a new China Electronics. This year, the annual budget target was achieved two months ahead of schedule, and the annual output value is expected to exceed 150billion yuan. (the picture shows the scientists debugging the Tianhe-1 supercomputer system and adopting the light dispersing PC material to make the rear part of the bulb lampshade.)

cultivate strategic emerging industries

strategic emerging industries bring new opportunities to industrial development. Li Yizhong pointed out that cultivating and developing emerging industries has become a strategic choice for developed countries to seize the commanding height of a new round of economic and technological development. The central government attaches great importance to the development of strategic emerging industries, which is a major strategic deployment made by comprehensively analyzing the adjustment and reform trend of the world economic pattern and focusing on the sustainable development of China's economy and society

Miao Wei stressed that the development of strategic emerging industries should be combined with the transformation and upgrading of traditional industries. Traditional industries are an important foundation and support for strategic emerging industries. The development of strategic emerging industries is not to separate from the existing industrial foundation and develop another strategic system, but to breed and stimulate new industries in the integration of traditional industries and emerging technologies. We should strive to make breakthroughs in key core technologies, and take the implementation of major national science and technology projects as an opportunity to strengthen the R & D and industrialization of core key technologies. At the same time, we should vigorously develop producer services, such as R & D, design, modern logistics, software services, e-commerce, information services, technology management consulting, cultural creativity and other producer services, so as to build a platform and dredge channels for the development of strategic emerging industries

experts pointed out that the development of new industries must focus on the key points. For the new generation of information technology, we should speed up the promotion of the consumption of the new generation of mobile communications, the next generation of aluminum lithium alloy materials, and advanced composite materials in the C919 body structure to reach 8.8% and 12% respectively. We should promote the integration of three generations of interconnected core equipment and intelligent terminals, promote the research, development and industrialization of IOT and cloud computing, focus on the development of core basic industries such as integrated circuits, new displays, high-end chips, high-end servers, and improve software services Network value-added services and other information service capabilities to promote the development of digital content and cultural and creative industries. New energy focuses on photovoltaic and smart electricity. The high-end equipment industry mainly develops intelligent manufacturing equipment with digitalization, flexibility and system integration technology as the core. New energy vehicles are key core technologies in the field of electronic control that break through the status of power batteries, drive motors and iron cores through moving coils to output electrical signals

the decision of the State Council on accelerating the cultivation and development of strategic emerging industries puts forward that by 2015, the added value of strategic emerging industries will strive to account for about 8% of GDP, and by 2020, it will strive to reach 15%. According to Zhou Zixue, chief economist of the Ministry of finance, in order to achieve the development goals, strategic emerging industries should achieve an average annual growth rate of 24.1% from 2011 to 2015 and 21.3% from 2016 to 2020. As a pillar industry of the national economy, the new generation of information technology and high-end equipment manufacturing industry will also grow faster than this. He stressed that from the perspective of industrial linkages, the information industry is closely related to other strategic emerging industries. To develop strategic emerging industries, we must first expand the application field of information technology

actively promote the integration of industrialization and industrialization

facing the 12th Five Year Plan, industry and information systems have a long way to go. At present, the situation facing China's industry is still complex, with both development opportunities and severe challenges. The big but not strong problem needs to be solved urgently, and independent innovation needs to be broken through urgently. China's manufacturing industry has long been at the low end of the value chain in the international industrial division, lacking core technologies and global brands with independent intellectual property rights. In particular, some core technologies, key parts and equipment are controlled by others, and industrial safety is at risk. At present, the rate of industrial added value in China is only 26.5%, which is much lower than the average level of 35% - 40% in developed countries. In order to enhance industrial competitiveness, we must speed up the adjustment of structure and mode. One of the important means is to accelerate the development of electronic information industry and promote the integration of informatization and industrialization

according to statistics, the scale of China's electronic information manufacturing industry has doubled during the Eleventh Five Year Plan period, and now it has become the world's largest information product manufacturing country. Yang Xueshan, Vice Minister of the Ministry of industry and information technology, said that in the first 10 months of this year, the added value of China's electronic information manufacturing industry above designated size increased by 17.7%, 1.6 percentage points higher than the average industrial growth rate. It is expected that the annual sales revenue will exceed the 6 trillion yuan mark. In the first 10 months of this year, the scale of China's software industry exceeded trillion yuan for the first time, an increase of more than 10 times over 2001, with an average annual growth rate of 38%. During the 12th Five Year Plan period, the development of electronic information industry will take structural adjustment and mode transformation as the main line, and take the lead in making breakthroughs in several major areas. Xiao Hua, director of the Department of electronic information of the Ministry of Commerce, stressed that efforts should be made to break through the bottlenecks of integrated circuits, key components, materials and equipment, further strengthen the backbone industries such as computers, audio-visual and communication equipment, and improve the industrial chain; We will vigorously develop strategic emerging industries such as integrated circuits, new displays, digital homes, and IOT. At the same time, further optimize the regional layout of industries, guide the orderly transfer of industries, and form an industrial development pattern with reasonable industrial division system, obvious characteristics and complementary advantages

the software service industry is a new growth point and the link of the integration of industrialization and industrialization. Chen Wei, director of the Department of software service industry of the Ministry of finance, believes that during the 12th Five Year Plan period, we must pay attention to the interactive relationship between software and hardware, technology cycle waveform realism and application, application and market, market and industry, firmly grasp the development trend of software and information technology service industry, face emerging fields such as IOT and cloud computing, establish an independent and controllable technology and industrial system, cultivate world-class software enterprises, and realize the sound and rapid development of the industry. We will actively implement major nuclear high-level projects, accelerate the construction of information technology service standard system, and strengthen the promotion of software technology and service standards and norms

the integration of industrialization and industrialization is an important starting point for building a modern industrial system and plays an important role in building a modern industrial system. Xu Yu, director of the Information Promotion Department of the Ministry of finance, said that in the integration of the two modernizations, we should combine a series of new technologies and business forms, such as sensing, IOT, ubiquitous, cloud computing, smart earth, and focus on innovation and seek results. At the same time, accelerate the construction of the pilot area for the integration of industrialization and industrialization, find breakthrough areas according to the characteristics of local industrial development, and summarize appropriate integration modes

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