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Printing education and scientific research 1.2

section II secondary professional education

printing secondary professional education is generally divided into two types according to the different educational management system and sources of educational funds: one is a secondary professional school run by the competent department of publishing and printing, and the other is a vocational secondary professional school jointly run by the printing management department and the local educational administration department

I. secondary vocational schools

jiesiwan technology has developed mass-produced carbon nanotube fiber materials. By 1990, there were six regular secondary vocational schools run by the competent department of publishing and printing (of which Beijing printing school was closed in 1982). They are:

1 Shanghai printing school

the school was founded in October, 1953. In its initial stage, it was a secondary technical school with the training goal of skilled workers. Since 1957, it has been restructured into a secondary vocational school, which is entrusted by the Ministry of culture to the Shanghai Publishing Bureau after years of development. The students recruited are young workers from printing enterprises of publishing systems in all provinces, municipalities directly under the central government and autonomous regions. The training goal is technicians, with a 3-year schooling. Since 1960, the source of students has been changed to recruit junior high school graduates for the society, with a four-year school system. At the beginning, there were four majors: relief photographic plate making, lithographic photographic plate making, relief printing and lithographic printing. Since 1960, the major of printing machinery has been added

with the approval of the Ministry of culture, another junior college class was held on a trial basis in 1960, with a length of schooling of 3 years and 44 graduates. From 1958 to 1965, the school also held several cadre rotation training courses and short-term worker training courses for printing factories in Shanghai and other places. Just as the school overcame the difficulties of starting up and began to mature, the "Cultural Revolution" began in 1966. The school was forced to close, teachers were dismissed, and school buildings were occupied by other factories. It was not until the smashing of the gang of four that the school resumed enrollment in 1978. The school has four majors and corresponding internship factories: lithography, relief printing, lithography and printing machinery. Since 1981, it has been recruiting students nationwide for a three-year term. According to the development trend of printing technology, readjust the professional setting, and set up three engineering majors of plate making, printing and printing equipment management, and two liberal arts majors of printing art design and publishing editing. This marks a gratifying step in the development of the school from a single engineering type to a comprehensive engineering and liberal arts type. In 1985, the school had a total of 12 classes (including one staff technical secondary school class), with 360 students

since the 1980s, China has implemented the reform and opening-up policy, and the school has sent personnel abroad for investigation for many times. According to the agreement signed between China and Italy, Italy provides equipment, and the two sides jointly run the Sino Italian printing training center (color map)

With the approval of the National Education Commission, Shanghai printing school has been upgraded to Shanghai printing college since 1988. After 34 years of difficulties and twists, Shanghai printing school has trained 4618 professionals of all kinds for the country, of which 2526 students have been trained in 65 classes of 16 sessions, including 77 teachers of technical school, 44 junior college classes, and the rest are technical secondary school graduates. At the same time, it has also held printing technology cadre refresher courses, short-term training courses of various technical theories, training courses and other short-term courses, with a total of 2092 trainees. These students are distributed on the printing front throughout the motherland and have become an important backbone of the printing industry, as shown in the table

table statistical table of regional distribution of the number of graduates (graduates) of Shanghai printing school ()

number of graduates from previous years in the region number of graduates from short-term training courses number of graduates from previous years in the region number of graduates from short-term training courses number of graduates from previous years Beijing 222100 Guizhou 3017 Shanghai Tibet 13 Tianjin 3033 Xinjiang 1525 Guangxi 5967 Gansu 6828 Guangdong 12993 Qinghai 818 Jiangsu 163239 Ningxia Anhui 7169 Shaanxi 6435 Zhejiang 50167 Inner Mongolia Gu 293 at least 15000 vehicles of all kinds can be disassembled every year 9 Jiangxi 3586 Hebei 29117 Fujian 9180 Shandong 72116 Hunan 60121 Shanxi 1858 Lake North 62138 Liaoning 4760 Henan 4268 Jilin 4567 Hainan 816 Heilongjiang 2560 Sichuan 124151 Hong Kong 10 Yunnan

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