Uncover the secrets of Ancient Papermaking release date: Source: Chinese packaging papermaking is one of the four great inventions in ancient China and has made great contributions to the progress of Chinese and world civilization. For a long time, only ancient paper has been found in Archaeology in China, and the site of paper making has not been excavated yet. Since 2005, people have been paying attention to ZhouLing village of the Management Committee of Hualin scenic spot in Gao'an City, because the site of paper mill spanning the three dynasties of song and Ming Dynasties is being excavated here
16 water pestle sites for making bamboo and paper were found.
from ZhouLing village to the water pestle site, you must climb down an ancient post road covered with bluestones. According to the staff of Hualin Management Committee, Hualin is the birthplace and breeding place of Hualin Hu family, which has a history of more than 1600 years. During the Five Dynasties, Hu Kui lived in seclusion in Hualin and established a family school, Hualin school, which was called a hidden garden. In the Northern Song Dynasty, huzhongya established the nationally famous Hualin Academy. 5. Turn off the electrical switch
in 2005, the staff of Gao'an Museum found many water pestle sites during their investigation in ZhouLing village. Water pestle is a kind of stone tool that began to appear in the late Western Han Dynasty to pound rice by water. In order to understand the use and age of the shuidui site, and to cooperate with the third national cultural relics survey, the Provincial Institute of cultural relics and Archaeology and Gao'an museum have jointly conducted in-depth investigation and excavation of the shuidui site since September 2007
a secret that has been sleeping for thousands of years is gradually being revealed. On both sides of the stream, we have found 16 production water pestles for making bamboo paper. Fanchangsheng, director of the Provincial Institute of cultural relics and archaeology, said that the first shuidui site is about 300 meters away from the entrance of ZhouLing village. According to xiaofabiao, leader of the joint archaeological team of the Hualin paper mill site, the site was found among weeds. At that time, stone pools, stone mortars, stone slabs and so on were also found, but no wooden waterwheel, pestle rod and wooden water tank for water diversion were found. According to the villagers, until the 1980s, the villagers of ZhouLing village still used this water pestle to pound rice and break grain
with the extension of the post road, several shuidui sites are being excavated in succession. At present, 7 sites have been excavated within a distance of 500m in diameter. 4. accounting of page importance: Xiao fabiao said. We can see that some of these water pestles are in rice fields, some in weeds and trees, and some in streams. Different from the first water millstone, these water millstones are in the shape of one cart with two millstones. There is a drain in the southeast corner of the water millstone, a workshop in the south, and rectangular stone slabs and stone mortars with recesses. The stone plate is used to smash the bamboo section, and the stone mortar is a tool used in the finishing process of papermaking bamboo materials, which fully proves that these water pestles are used to make bamboo paper. Xiaofabiao said. In addition, archaeologists also unearthed a small number of fragments of Jingdezhen folk blue and white porcelain and tulongquan celadon in the middle and late Ming Dynasty near the shuidui, indicating that their abandoned age may be in the middle and late Ming Dynasty
due to the huge amount of work, archaeologists have only excavated 7 relatively concentrated shuidui sites
the relics of the workshop reproduce the ancient bamboo paper making process.
the water pestle is only used to crush bamboo, which is the rough processing link of papermaking. Archaeologists boldly speculated that there must be an ancient paper mill site near these water pestles
through the investigation, the archaeologists finally chose the Fuzhi temple as the focus of excavation. Fanchangsheng said that the reason for this choice was that a complete water pestle had been excavated 100 meters upstream of the Fuzhi temple, and it was obviously used to process pulp. There should be a paper mill nearby; Secondly, the local villagers reported that they encountered the stone wall foundation when farming in the surrounding fields
in a large ladder field near the Fuzhi temple, archaeologists arranged 25 exploration blocks, each covering an area of 16 square meters, and unearthed relics such as bamboo retting pit, ash alkali pit, large pieces of burnt earth for cooking bamboo and hemp, workbench for drying and mixing ash, and tailing pit of bamboo retting pit in the song, Ming Dynasties. In addition, there are some housing relics such as retaining walls, drainage ditches, column holes and column foundations, which fully proves that this is the site of the paper mill
in front of a piece of braised land, liujincheng, curator of Gao'an Museum, told us that this is the key link of papermaking - bamboo hemp cooking area. According to the archaeological experts, the seven processes of retting, washing, ash burning, ash mixing, steaming, rinsing and sun exposure on the site of fuzhimiao paper mill, together with a water mill not far from the excavation area, constitute a complete set of processes for the processing of paper raw materials required for bamboo paper from bamboo cutting to pulp crushing, which can almost reproduce the bamboo paper from bamboo cutting to decay, steaming, ash mixing, rinsing recorded in Song Yingxing's Tiangong Kaiwu of the Ming Dynasty A complete set of raw material processing procedures for bamboo paper, such as crushing, can reflect the continuous improvement of papermaking technology and the more reasonable layout of workshops in the song, Ming and Ming Dynasties
the relics of the workshop also unearthed artifacts that can provide periods of time, mainly various types of porcelain, including celadon in the late Tang and Five Dynasties, celadon in the glaze mouth of Jingdezhen kiln in the Song Dynasty, black glazed porcelain in Jizhou kiln and Jianyao kiln, mangkou celadon and tulongquan celadon in the Qing Dynasty, folk blue and white porcelain and tulongquan celadon in the Ming Dynasty. Among the unearthed artifacts, there are also a large number of beating bowls used to grind paper medicine. After testing the mud collected by the archaeological team of Hualin paper mill site by the paper making Research Office of the Provincial Institute of light industry and the provincial paper quality supervision and inspection station, it is concluded that the residue is paper fragments, which enable parents and children to exchange with each other. The fragments are composed of two kinds of plant fiber raw materials, of which the main raw material is bamboo pulp and the secondary component is wheat straw
the deformation accuracy of the former National Palace Museum, a member of the expert group of the State Administration of cultural relics, is better than ± 1%. After visiting ZhouLing village, vice president zhangzhongpei said that in the past, only ancient paper had been found in Archaeology in China, and no paper-making sites had been excavated. Now, the ancient paper-making workshop site has been excavated in Hualin, which is the first time in China. It is a new discovery of Archaeology in China, creating a new field of scientific and technological archaeology. Chensiliang, chairman of the China papermaking society and director of the paper History Committee, said that it is of great significance to explore the development of papermaking in China
at present, archaeologists have not found any relevant relics of the paper-making process in the paper industry. This will be the next focus of archaeological excavation
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